Confinement Site Grants Announced

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A boys club at the Heart Mountain camp. The Heart Mountain, Wyo. Foundation was among 19 groups to receive grants to preserve confinement sites in a program administered by the National Park Service.

A boys club at the Heart Mountain camp. The Heart Mountain, Wyo. Foundation was among 19 groups to receive grants to preserve confinement sites in a program administered by the National Park Service.

By SAMANTHA MASUNAGA

RAFU STAFF INTERN

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In the 1940s, the Tule Lake War Relocation Authority camp jail was a cold concrete building with iron doors for internees who were arrested without a charge and held without a hearing.

Years later, the same building was completely open: iron doors and window bars removed by either the government or scrap-metal collectors, making the once formidable jail into a home for birds and rodents.

However, the jail and stockade at Tule Lake, in addition to 18 other historic locations at which Japanese Americans were detained during World War II, will receive grants from the National Park Service to aid in preservation and interpretation efforts.

Announced Friday, these 19 projects were chosen from a total of 32 proposals to receive funding from the JA Confinement Sites Program, said Kara Miyagishima, historian at the National Park Service.

The grants will go towards funding a variety of projects, ranging from the construction of an interpretive learning center at Heart Mountain Relocation Center in Wyoming to a traveling exhibit on the Honouliuli Internment Camp in Hawaii.

This is the first time that these grants have been awarded.

The projects were selected based on their adherence to guidelines created in part by input from the public, as well as former internees, Miyagishima said.

She added that a common theme among the guideline suggestions was the project’s ability to address critical need. This includes urgency based on the necessary preservation of a site, or the fact that oral history from internees needed to be documented.

A selection committee comprised of National Park Service federal employees chose the beneficiaries, awarding a total of $960,000 in grants.

The JA Confinement Site Program was established by Congress in 2006 to preserve the locations where JAs were held after the attack on Pearl Harbor. This law authorizes up to $38 million in grant funding, although Congress only appropriated $1 million for the current fiscal year, according to a press release.

However, projects benefiting from the program were required to raise some of their own funds and “in-kind” contributions. For every $2 of federal funding, the project needed to have $1 in non-federal funds, which could include monetary contributions or volunteer labor, materials, or resources, Miyagishima said.

One of the beneficiary organizations is the Tule Lake Committee, which received $40,000 to preserve the Tule Lake stockade and jail.

“I was elated,” said Hiroshi Shimizu, president of the Tule Lake Committee. “In terms of injustice, the jail was a very significant structure.”

He added that the committee is making plans as to how much restoration is needed, as well as the options for restoration.

A fisherman at Manzanar. Manzanar Committee received $49,400 for “From Barbed Wire to Barbed Hooks.” (Photo by Toyo Miyatake)

A fisherman at Manzanar. Manzanar Committee received $49,400 for “From Barbed Wire to Barbed Hooks.” (Photo by Toyo Miyatake)

Filmmaker Cory Shiozaki also received $49,400 in grant money from the program to fund his documentary, “From Barbed Wire to Barbed Hooks.” Created in part by Shiozaki’s own interest in fishing, as well as a famous Toyo Miyatake photo, the documentary focuses on the Manzanar fisherman who sneaked away from the camp under the cover of darkness to go fishing in the nearby streams and rivers.

“It’s a unique untold story,” Shiozaki said. “Internees utilized fishing as a way to feel free.”

Shiozaki added that his project was much more than a simple film. In addition to his documentary, Shiozaki is also a docent at the Manzanar National Historic Site who guides twice-yearly walking tours of the sites that fisherman used to frequent while also creating a traveling exhibit about the Manzanar fishermen.

Grant funding was not limited to the continental United States and the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawaii was also the recipient of $43,187 for the establishment of a traveling outdoor exhibit describing the Honouliuli Internment Camp in Honolulu County.

Contrary to the west coast of the U.S., there was no mass exodus or exclusion of JAs in Hawaii, although Issei community leaders, in addition to Kibei and several Nisei were held at several detention centers, said Brian Niiya, director of program development at the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawaii.

Among the eight known centers is the Honouliuli camp in central Oahu, which has become the focus of preservation efforts. Although it is now largely inaccessible, Niiya said that, archeologically, there is an abundance of material still in the vicinity.

“We have a really great shot to get Honouliuli to be a visitor site,” he said. “There is a lot of potential and we want to follow in the footsteps of what was done at Manzanar.”

Beneficiary Projects that will Receive Grant Funding from the JA Confinement Site Grant Program:

Arizona

Poston Community Alliance

Parker, AZ

Saving the Stories: Oral Histories and Digitization of Former Poston

Detainees and Staff

Colorado River Indian (Poston) Relocation Center $25,994

California

Japanese American Citizens League, Livingston-Merced Chapter

Merced, CA Merced Assembly Center Commemorative Memorial

Merced Assembly Center,

Merced County, CA

$25,000

Japanese American Citizens League, Marysville

Marysville, CA

Arboga Assembly Center Project

Arboga (Marysville) Assembly Center, Yuba County, CA

$5,000

Manzanar Committee

Los Angeles

From Barbed Wire to Barbed Hooks

Manzanar Relocation Center, Inyo County, CA

$49,400

National Japanese American Historical Society, Inc.

San Francisco

Mapping and Building Sites of Japanese Americans during World War II

Multiple sites, counties and states

$18,568

Tule Lake Committee

San Francisco

Preserving the Tule Lake Stockade and Jail

Tule Lake Relocation Center, Modoc County, CA

$40,000

Hawaii

Hawaii Heritage Center

Honolulu

Administration Building and Fire House Existing Condition Analysis Report Honouliuli Internment Camp,Honolulu County, HI

$58,600

Japanese Cultural Center of Hawaii

Honolulu

Hawai’i Confinement Sites Project Traveling Exhibit

Multiple sites and counties in Hawaii

$43,187

University of Hawai’i

Honolulu

Multidisciplinary Research and Education at

Honouliuli Internment Camp Honouliuli Internment Camp, Honolulu County, HI $26,148

University of Hawai’i Center for Oral History Honolulu

Captive on the U.S. Mainland: Oral Histories of Hawaii-Born Nisei

Multiple sites and counties in Hawaii

$14,955

Idaho

University of Idaho

Moscow

Kooskia Internment Camp Archaeological Project

Kooskia Internment Camp, Idaho County, ID

$16,456

Illinois

Japanese American Service Committee

Chicago

Winning the Peace: An Exhibit on the U.S.

Military Intelligence Service Multiple sites, counties and states

$74,620

Minnesota

Japanese American Citizens League, Twin Cities Chapter

Minneapolis

Minnesota Japanese American Oral History Project

Multiple sites, counties and states

$16,000

Montana

Historical Museum at Fort Missoula

Missoula, MT

Restoration of Enemy Alien Hearing Courtroom in Post Headquarters at the Department of Justice Missoula Alien Detention Camp

Fort Missoula Internment Camp, Missoula County, MT

$50,000

North Dakota

United Tribes Technical College

Bismarck, ND

United Tribes/Fort Lincoln Planning Conference Fort Lincoln Internment Camp, Burleigh County, ND

$18,919

Texas

Texas Historical Commission

Austin

An Untold Story from World War II: Japanese Confinement at Crystal City,

Texas

Crystal City Internment Camp, Zavala County, TX

$34,400

Utah

Topaz Museum

Delta, UT

Topaz Museum Interpretive Design Project

Central Utah (Topaz) Relocation Center, Millard County, UT

$48,000

Washington

Densho: The Japanese American Legacy Project

Seattle

Stories Less Told: Video Oral Histories of Japanese American Incarceration

10 WRA Relocation Centers in multiple counties and states

$112,500

Wyoming

Heart Mountain, Wyoming Foundation

Powell, WY

Heart Mountain Interpretive Learning Center

Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Park County, WY

$282,253

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1 Comment

  1. About 25 years ago, we drove by Tule Lake and couldn’t locate anybody who knew where the camp used to be. We will be driving through again next year and would love to see any remains of the camp. If anyone can place it on a map, we would be ever so grateful.

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